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August 1, 2001: DreamWorks Feature Linux and Animation

With more than 200 Linux desktops and 400 Linux servers, DreamWorks SKG is not only a leading producer of animated motion pictures but a major user of Linux as well. DreamWorks animation utilizes three production pipelines: Aardman in Bristol, England (Chicken Run), PDI/DreamWorks in Palo Alto, California (Shrek, Antz) and DreamWorks traditional animation in Glendale, California (The Road to El Dorado, The Prince of Egypt). Each production unit has its own animation techniques. Aardman is recognized for claymation, PDI/DreamWorks for CG (computer graphics) and DreamWorks in Glendale for traditional techniques.

August 13, 2001: Secretaries use Linux, taxpayers save millions

Walk into the Largo, Florida, city hall and look at the two computer screens behind the reception desk. Instead of the typical Windows "Start" button in the lower left-hand corner, they have a KDE "Gear" logo, as do almost all of the 400-plus monitors on Largo employees' desks. Receptionists, administrative assistants, and division fire chiefs here all use Linux instead of Windows, and most of them don't really notice one way or the other. But the elected officials who are responsible for Largo's IT budget certainly know about and notice Linux, because using Linux instead of Windows is saving the city a lot of money.

August 27, 2001: City of Largo Completes Desktop Transition

In a move to save taxpayers hundreds of thousands of dollars, the City of Largo is about to deploy an all-Linux groupware solution for the west Florida community. In moving its e-mail, calendars, and scheduling over to the new platform, the "City of Progress" becomes one of the first major enterprises to complete the journey to an all-Linux desktop.

September, 2001: Linux Invades Hollywood

Shrek was the first major motion picture created primarily using Linux. It won't be the last. Linux is rapidly becoming the professional animator's operating system (OS) of choice, not just at DreamWorks SKG, which produced Shrek, but at top production studios in Hollywood, the Bay Area, and London. An OS that started 10 years ago as a Finnish college student's personal hobby-not even a university research project-is invading film industry servers, renderfarms, and workstations.

October 30, 2001: How Linux saved Amazon millions

Online retailer Amazon.com shaved millions of dollars from its technology costs last quarter by switching to the Linux operating system, a disclosure that could provide some guidance for other companies seeking to cut expenses in a stagnant economy.

November 1, 2001: Linux goes to the movies

Who says free software is passé? Hollywood's special-effects industry can't get enough of the operating system built by hackers, for hackers.

January 14, 2002: Korea migrates 120K civil servants to Linux desktop

The Korean government is to buy 120,000 copies of Hancom Linux Deluxe this year, enough to switch 23 per cent of its installed base Microsoft user to open source equivalents.

January 23, 2002: Open Source on the Business Desktop

I gave it a try on my home computer first, and found that it was everything I had been hoping. KDE 2, user-friendly, GUI-based configuration tools, and apps galore. But I was a grizzled veteran of UNIX and Linux; I didn't feel that I was completely fit to judge whether it was truly "easy to use." Moreover, I'm very aware of my relative zealotry for Linux and all things open source, and I wanted to be sure that I wasn't pursue the idea purely on an emotional basis. Business is business, and I am only interested in bringing pragmatic ideas to the table. I decided there was only one way to determine if open source was an option on non-IT desktops: a test.

April 22, 2002: More foreign banks switching to Linux

A New Zealand bank has become the latest institution to adopt the open-source Linux operating system. According to reports, the bank is to move all its branches to the Linux platform.

April 24, 2002: The stallion and the penguin: DreamWorks uses Linux to create new animated film

While "Shrek" and other movies including "Lord of the Rings" have used Linux to power server farms, the creators of "Shrek" also used IRIX on SGI workstations. So "Spirit" is DreamWorks' first animated feature using Linux both on the front and back ends.

The company needed a system that was reliable, scalable, and capable of high performance on the desktop -- and system that was cost-effective to maintain and used commodity, Intel-based hardware. This new platform would replace not only the the back-end "render farm" of servers, but also the desktop workstations of the artists.

May 14, 2002: Greenpeace cans Windows

Greenpeace UK evaluated Red Hat against Windows NT and Sun Solaris, comparing performance, reliability, configurability and support services. The result was Dell servers with Red Hat Linux 7.1, running a Java application server and IBM's DB2 database.

"While our systems development team were not initially very familiar with Linux, its stability and depth of support has made it the easy, as well as the cost-effective, choice," said Kit Kline, systems developer at Greenpeace UK.

June 7, 2002: WesternGeco Expands Linux Use in Seismic Exploration for Oil and Gas

Continuing the long standing partnership between IBM and WesternGeco, in May 2001, WesternGeco selected an IBM Linux supercomputer comprising of 256 IBM eserver xSeries 330 systems, all running Linux.

June 18, 2002: Disney Shifting to Linux for Film Animation

The Walt Disney Company, the doyen of animation studios, is joining Hollywood's embrace of a technological upstart--the GNU Linux operating system. Disney's animation division is announcing today that it plans to use Hewlett-Packard workstations and data-serving computers running Linux for digital animation work in the future.

July 1, 2002: Industrial Light & Magic

ILM made a bold move to undertake their Linux conversion in the midst of a major movie production, switching while work was underway on Episode II. ``We thought converting to Linux would be a lot harder than it was'', says Hendrickson. ``Linux is so like what we had before. We pushed forward deployment in November 2001 and will finish conversion after Episode II.'' During the changeover, ILM is supporting existing SGI IRIX machines and Linux PCs to avoid overwhelming users with too much change.

July 15, 2002: World's Fastest Linux Supercomputer to Bolster National Security Projects at Lawrence Livermore National Lab

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) selected Linux NetworX to design, integrate and deliver what will be the largest and most powerful Linux supercomputer by Fall 2002. Multiple programs at LLNL will use the Linux NetworX EvolocityTM clustered supercomputer to support the Laboratory's national security mission. When delivered, the Intel-based cluster is expected to be one of the five fastest supercomputers in the world.

August 30, 2002: Venezuela's Government Shifts to Open Source Software

According to government sources in Venezuela, the South American nation has announced an official policy that exclusively calls for the use of open source software in that government.

The announcement, made on Wednesday, stated that from now on, all software developed for the government must be licenced under the GPL. The entire policy was summed up in this statement by Dr. Felipe Pérez-Martí, Planning and Development Minister: "Open source whenever possible, propietary software only when necesary."

September 9, 2002: IT managers cite security and competition when choosing a Linux system

Dan Kusnetzky, an analyst for International Data Corp., said Linux had a 3.9 percent share of desktops worldwide, outpacing Macintosh's 3.1 percent.

December 9, 2002: Largo loves Linux more than ever

We're back in Largo, Florida, checking on advances in the Linux-based network they use to run the city's computers that we wrote about last year. True to Largo's "City of Progress" motto, these guys have not been standing still. Now they're talking about Linux-based terminals in all the city's police cars. Microsoft has tried -- and failed -- to bring them into the proprietary fold. And, possibly most important, we have an amazing cost figure that ought to make you ask your local politicians why their IT operations aren't as efficient as Largo's.

February 7, 2003: Pixar switches from Sun to Intel

The Emeryville, Calif.-based film studio is replacing servers from Sun in its "render farm"--a bank of servers that fuses artists' images into finished film frames--with eight new blade servers from RackSaver. In all, the blade system contains 1,024 Intel 2.8GHz Xeon processors, and it runs the open-source Linux operating system.

February 16, 2003: Film Gimp Continues Hollywood Takeover

Film Gimp has recently been adopted by ComputerCafe, the fourth motion picture studio to use it in making feature films. Film Gimp, a sophisticated image retouching program designed to manipulate high dynamic range 35mm film images, is a collaborative open source project that branched from GIMP in 1998.

Film Gimp is in use at three studios besides ComputerCafe. At Rhythm & Hues it was used in Scooby-Doo, Harry Potter, Cats & Dogs, Dr. Dolittle 2, Little Nicky, Grinch, Sixth Day, Stuart Little, and Planet of the Apes. Hammerhead Productions used it for Showtime and Blue Crush, and is using it for The Fast and the Furious II. Sony Pictures Imageworks used Film Gimp for Stuart Little II. Although not in movie production yet, developers at DreamWorks and ILM are contributing to the Film Gimp code.

March 1, 2003: U.S. Army's Future Combat System Will Run Linux

FCS is envisioned as a networked 'system of systems" that will include robotic reconnaissance vehicles and sensors; tactical mobile robots; mobile command, control and communications platforms; networked fires from futuristic ground and air platforms; and advanced three-dimensional targeting systems operating on land and in the air.

The fact that the Army is spending billions of dollars on a project isn't anything new, but a little known fact is that the OS for FCS will be Linux

March 12, 2003: Linux in the Professional Recording Studio

Using a combination of Broadcast 2000, SND, and ReZound, we have been creating some astonishing work. One of our competitors recently paid $24,000 for a Windows-based dedicated editing station that does little more than we can on our $950 off-the-shelf PC running Linux (and they paid another 3 thousand dollars to fly in a trainer to teach their staff how to use it!).

We have also switched our default audio file format to Ogg Vorbis, leaving any future licensing issues with MP3 for someone else to worry about. Ogg Vorbis creates slightly larger audio files (about 30% larger), but produces sound quality equivalent to .wav or .aiff. While there was some resistance to this switch from those with whom we exchange audio product, it has largely been silenced by the audible improvement in the quality of the finished product. Many of the other stations (including competitors) are now asking US for help in switching to Ogg.

April 16, 2003: Linux Tackles Deadly SARS Virus

With the help of a cluster of PCs running Linux, Canadian researchers have made a major breakthrough in tackling the deadly SARS virus.

The scientists, at the Genome Sciences Centre at the British Columbia Cancer Agency in Vancouver, used a 232-node Linux cluster to uncover the genetic sequence of the coronavirus believed to be responsible for SARS.

May 28, 2003: Munich Goes with Open Source Software

The city of Munich will use Linux as the operating system for their 14,000 PC clients as well as open source software for their office applications.

An appraisal given by the city in order to evaluate the pro and cons of a conversion of the present urban standard "Windows NT/Microsoft Office" alternatively on "Windows XP/Microsoft Office" or "Linux/Open Office" comes to the conclusion that there is a clear strategic-qualitative projection/lead for the open source solution.

July 1, 2003: Sinbad Hears Linux's Siren Song

Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas, an animated movie from DreamWorks Animation Technology that hits theaters July 2, is the first Hollywood production created entirely on Linux. More than 250 Hewlett-Packard workstations running Red Hat Linux make up the core of DreamWorks' graphics platform.

DreamWorks had been using Unix on its workstations but switched to Linux a few years ago, believing that the open-source system is the future of animation, Miller said.

"Linux provided a cost-effective way to put the fastest available computers in front of our animators," he said.

DreamWorks used Linux servers to render frames -- creating detailed images from simple outlines -- in its Oscar-winning animated film, Shrek. With Sinbad, the majority of the 250 animators worked directly with Linux, using 3-D accelerated dual-monitor HP workstations.

September 2, 2003: Telstra goes open-source

TELSTRA, Australia's largest technology company, has nailed its colours firmly to the mast of open source software, creating a potential nightmare for Microsoft and sending shivers through a range of traditional platform providers.

Telstra chief information officer Jeff Smith said he was determined to end a history of internal duplication and technology incompatibility by deploying open-source software right across the telecoms giant, which spends $1.5 billion each year on information technology. He aims to slice this cost in half within three years.

"I would see a big movement from Windows and Unix to Linux," Mr Smith said. "One of the by-products of Linux having its heritage in Unix is that it is a very stable operating system."

October 31, 2003: Motorola Launches Linux-Based Phone

Originally announced in February, the A760 combines a personal information management software application, digital camera, a video player, MP3 music player, and an instant-messaging tool.

On the Linux side, the phone utilizes the application development framework Qt/Embedded from Oslo software company Trolltech. "Linux and QtEmbedded has a lot of technical advantages to other operating systems such as the low memory requirement that Linux demands, as well as having a strong open source, third-party developer community," said Eirik Chambe-Eng, president and co-founder of Trolltech.

November 6, 2003: NASA Boosts Linux SGI Supercomputer to 512 Processors

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is now doubling the number of processors in its Itanium 2 system from SGI, first announced October 20 at 256 processors. Late last week, NASA started testing the computer-based climatory, ocean, and fluid dynamics modeling system with 512 processors in a single system.

December 1, 2003: Fiat revs up European sales with Linux

Car giant Fiat is deploying Linux running on Intel Itanium 2-based servers to support its European sales and support network, which will link 17 countries by 2005.

The technology behind the sales support network is built in three layers.

The database server is powered by Intel Itanium 2 processors running Red Hat Linux Advanced Server 2.1 and Oracle 9i Real Application Cluster. A single central database ensures that all data is regularly updated across the network.

The system's application server is based on Intel Xeon processors, Red Hat Enterprise Linux Advanced Server 2.1 and IBM WebSphere Application Server 4.0 to manage and integrate a range of e-business applications.

The front-end layer is powered by Intel Itanium 2 processors running Linux and Apache Web Server for web-hosting and intranet applications.

December 8, 2003: Linux nudges aside Unix for financial services company

The Denver-based trust company is using Linux to run its mission-critical transactional databases on industry-standard 64-bit servers, at a 50% cost savings, and at the expense of Unix. Sounds like First Trust has covered the top three items on Linux's evangelical hit parade.

"Scalability is very important to us. We're growing, and we know we're going to continue to grow," Knight said. "The scalability of Linux has not even been pushed to the edge yet, I think. It's nice to be able to take the cluster, throw on another box on the fly and add and deploy more databases if needed."

December 9, 2003: Linux Shines on National Weather Service

Almost 1,000 meteorologists are using the new Linux-based workstations at NWS facilities nationwide, said Bob Lenard, IBM's director for eServer workstations during an interview.

The NWS is using the workstations as part of its Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System (AWIPS), in conjunction with satellite and Doppler radar data and a Unix-based IBM supercomputer that models atmospheric changes.

December 12, 2003: Linux set for Mars landing

In true British low-budget fashion, a single Linux-based workstation at the Lander Operations Control Centre (LOCC) is being used to send commands and receive vital data from Beagle 2.

The workstation uses Spacecraft Control Operating System (SCOS) command and control software which sits on top of Linux. Two more Linux-based systems are available as back-up.

February 10, 2004: German finance win for Linux

A division of the German finance ministry has moved its back-office operations to mainframe computers that run Linux, in the latest victory for the open-source operating system in Europe, IBM said on Tuesday.

International Business Machines said that the finance ministry department, which is responsible for paying public sector employees and for managing certain taxes, installed two large IBM mainframe computers that run both IBM's operating system and Linux.

February 11, 2004: German city reveals Linux migration tactics

The small southern Germany city of Schwäbisch Hall ditched Microsoft's software in favour of open source back in late 2002.

The Schwäbisch Hall IT infrastructure is spread across 11 sites in the city. The city migrated all its more than 400 workstations, of which 325 are networked across a high-speed fibre-optic network owned by the city council.

There were several motives behind Schwäbisch Hall's pioneering move to Linux. One factor was cost, after the IT budget was dramatically cut between 2001 and 2002. Another was a push for better security, while a third was to escape from the treadmill of vendor-driven upgrades.

"Private screensavers and computer magazine CDs might not work in Linux, but on the other hand the MyDoom virus doesn't either," Bräuner told the conference.

February 22, 2004: Defense Department buys Linux cluster

Linux Networx Inc. has received an order from the Defense Department for a 2,132-processor, Linux-based cluster as part of an ongoing program to modernize the department's high-performance computing capabilities.

The massive Evolocity II cluster will be deployed at the Army Research Laboratory Major Shared Resource Center at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md., as part of the Defense Department's High Performance Computing Modernization Program. When the system is fully deployed in mid-2004, it will be the program's largest Intel processor-based Linux cluster.

April 8, 2004: Japanese Scientists Launch Linux Supercluster

Japanese scientists have built their largest distributed-computing grid yet, a Linux-based supercluster that performs 11 trillion floating operations per second, at the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Salt Lake City-based Linux Networx this week disclosed.

The E2 cluster consists of 556 Intel (Nasdaq: INTC) Xeon 3.06-GHz processors and will include cluster-management tools from Linux Networx, Clusterworx and ICE Box, providing cluster management from just one interface.

May 5, 2004: Linux in action: A public library's success story

Over the past year, the Howard County (Md.) Public Library has migrated more than 200 public PCs from Windows 98 and Windows NT to Linux. These PCs are used both to surf the Internet and to access the library's catalogues.

Like many others, HCPL was caught between a rock and a hard place. Its 200 public-access PCs were running on Windows 98 and Windows NT. The maintenance costs to patch and maintain them were growing with every new virus or security hole discovered.

Añasco told NewsForge: "From my standpoint, being department manager, we are saving money because we are not having to maintain something and so again -- I am a certified Microsoft CE -- I have nothing against it, but I just can't stand using it anymore because it is so unstable."

June 11, 2004: Chinese railway takes Linux on board

China's Ministry of Railways has chosen Linux to centralise its package delivery operations.

The package delivery system, which integrates postal services and rail transportation, will cover 14 provincial railway bureaux, 230 railway stations and more than 440 package delivery service facilities.

Under the terms of the contract, Turbolinux will provide 300 copies of its server product and TurboHA, which will be installed on 160 servers.

June 15, 2004: Norway's second city embraces Linux

The city of Bergen is migrating its education and health services from Unix and Windows to a system built around SuSE Linux.

The two-phase rollout will see the 20 existing Oracle database servers running on HP-UX that support the City's health and welfare applications replaced with SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 8 running on HP Integrity Itanium 64 bit servers.

The second part of the implementation will see the city's educational network migrate and consolidate from 100 Windows application servers to about 20 IBM eServer BladeCenters running Linux.

"In addition to the IT-based benefits from migrating to Linux, we attain a business model that doesn't tie us to a single vendor's solution architecture. By migrating to Linux, the City of Bergen has a business model that is open and democratic and, we believe, that will ensure a greater degree of freedom of choice, more efficient operation and major cost savings that will benefit the citizens," said Janicke Runshaug Foss, CIO of the City of Bergen.

June 16, 2004: Wimbledon serves Linux volley

The Wimbledon tennis tournament will be relying on Linux and Grid computing to keep everything running smoothly during the two weeks of the championship.

The change means that both the public-facing website for Wimbledon and its internal intranet are now using Linux.

July 20, 2004: China picks Linux for 3G mobile phones

Chinese government-owned telecom equipment manufacturer Datang has selected Linux as the embedded operating system for a mobile handset designed to work with Datang's TD-SCDMA network equipment, expected to power 3G (third-generation) networks in China by 2005. The TD-SCDMA standard, the world's third 3G technology, may also see use in Europe and elsewhere.

Datang has confirmed that its 3G phone design is based on embedded Linux. Additionally, the company says it will offer its handset manufacturing partners the Opera Web browser as well, because the browser "supports all open Web standards necessary to browse the entire Web while operating on the TD-SCDMA network."

China currently is "by far" the fastest growing mobile phone market in the world, according to Datang, with some 200 million subscribers.

August 6, 2004: Nasa powers up with supercomputer

US space agency Nasa is to get a massive supercomputing boost to help get its shuttle missions back in action after the 2003 shuttle disaster.

It will be one of the world's biggest Linux-based supercomputers.

The new supercomputer will help the agency model flight missions, climate research, and aerospace engineering.

The system will have 500 terabytes of storage, the equivalent of 800,000 CDs. It will use the might of 10,240 Intel Itanium 2 processors for complex computer simulations.

September 23, 2004: Linux goes mission-critical for Danish government

The Danish Ministry of Finance has chosen JBoss running on Linux over Microsoft's BizTalk to run a data-exchange system.

The data-exchange system uses open-source application server JBoss running on Red Hat Linux. It transmits 1.5 megabits of data per second between around 400 public institutions and the ministry, according to a Computer Science Corporation (CSC) report on open source.

The project took two years to implement and went live in August 2004. The data-exchange system takes XML data from internal and external ERP systems, such as SAP, Oracle Financials and Microsoft Navision, and validates the XML data using the open-source Apache Xerces tool. The JBoss server, running on Red Hat Linux, takes care of the transactional exchange of data.

September 23, 2004: Linux takes off at German aerospace firm

MTU Aero Engines has developed a Linux-based supercomputer for simulating the aerodynamics of engines - and dramatically reduced costs as a result.

The Linux cluster is mainly used to run an application which does complex three-dimensional simulations of the aerodynamics within engines. The main challenge that MTU faced with setting up the Linux cluster was setting up system administration.

Huedepohl hopes to increase the use of Linux in the future. He hopes that by the end of the year all applications will be run under Linux. The company is running tests to see if its administration systems, such as SAP, can be run on Linux.

November 25, 2004: German railway on track with Linux migration

The company responsible for managing the German railway system is partway through migrating its servers to Linux, and expects to have more than 300 Linux servers in operation by the end of 2004, as part of a cost-saving initiative.

Deutsche Bahn (DB), which manages the German railway system, is moving from an infrastructure based on IBM Mainframes, and Solaris, Windows and HP Non-Stop servers, to a standardised infrastructure primarily based on the Linux running on Intel servers and mainframes.

December 2, 2004: Linux puts another financial feather in its cap

One of Germany's biggest financial services companies has migrated its core Web services infrastructure to Linux - a fresh example of how the operating system is making its way into more important enterprise applications.

Plus Finanzservice, which provides services such as customer loyalty cards to clients including H&M and Ikea, migrated from Sun Microsystems' Solaris operating system to Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), at a cost of 30 percent less than a Solaris system would have cost, Red Hat said on Thursday.

"Our Web Services application is at the heart of how we interact with our customers and so its performance is critical to the overall performance of our business," said Gerrit-Leonhard Stein, IT Manager at Plus, in a statement. He said a Microsoft system the company tested simply couldn't deliver the needed performance. Red Hat's system also beat Solaris on performance, Stein said. Red Hat's professional services team installed and fine-tuned the production system, including the Oracle RAC.

February 10, 2005: First National Bank of Omaha throws Sun out

First National Bank of Omaha said this week that it's nearing completion of a complete changeout of its distributed server infrastructure for a mainframe and blade-server architecture based on Linux. While only 80% complete, the move is already expected to save the company $1.8 million this year in operating expenses and another $9.6 million through 2011.

Kucera said he would have considered Sun Microsystems Inc. products had they been available. But when he began hunting for a way to consolidate his infrastructure in 2003, Sun had nothing to offer in the way of blade servers or Linux. "They were late to the game," he said.

February 15, 2005: Italian bank moves to desktop Linux

An Italian bank is to move to thousands of computers to the Linux operating system.

Werner Knoblich, the European vice president of Red Hat, said on Monday that the unnamed bank has just signed a deal to migrate all its 8,000 PCs to Red Hat's open source desktop product.

Speaking at the launch event for Red Hat Enterprise Linux version 4, Knoblich said that Red Hat was seeing increasing demand for its desktop product.

March 31, 2005: Europe's Largest Railway Selects Novell's SUSE LINUX

Deutsche Bahn, Germany's national railway company, has selected Linux as its strategic server platform. Currently DB Systems, the IT service provider of Deutsche Bahn, is running more than 300 Intel based servers with critical business applications on Novell's SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server. Applications like Lotus Notes have now been migrated to the IBM mainframe platform also using SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server. DB Systems expects significant cost savings, more vendor independence and integration advantages throughout the roll-out period and beyond.

"We had to choose a system that would offer us the flexibility, security and reliability required to maintain a high level of services to our customers. We are confident that a Linux based system can offer us this more cost effectively than any proprietary solutions", said Detlef Exner, Director of IT Production for DB Systems. Following that strategy, DB Systems evaluated several options and selected SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server due to its scalable, high-performance foundation for secure enterprise computing. Exner adds: "Novell's ability to offer extensive support for SUSE LINUX and their co-operation with many hardware and software vendors has given us additional confidence to use this also for our mission-critical tasks."

April 12, 2005: Oil firm standardises on Linux OS

Statoil, Norway's largest oil company, has made a 50% cost saving by migrating from proprietary Unix operating systems to Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

The oil and gas firm, which has operations in 29 countries, had been running seven versions of Unix as well as Windows. Now 70% of Statoil's enterprise applications are running on Red Hat Enterprise Linux and the number of Unix variations deployed has dropped from seven to four.

April 28, 2005: Debian wins Munich Linux deal

The city of Munich has opted to use the Debian version of Linux for a high-profile, 14,000-computer installation, passing over Novell's Suse Linux despite its regional popularity.

But there still is a way to go: The city said it won't be able to begin the actual transition until the end of the year. And the project had been delayed in 2004 by legal complications.

May 3, 2005: China's Largest Bank Switches to Linux

The Industrial Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) has decided to switch its servers to the Linux operating system after signing an agreement with Turbolinux.

The deal marks the largest Linux deployment in China; ICBC has $640 billion in total assets and over 20,000 branch offices across the country.

Claude Zhou, general manager for Turbolinux China, said that stability, security and flexibility were key factors in the bank's choice.

The open-source operating system will be deployed across the bank's offices over the next three years.

ICBC currently runs SCO Unix, but decided that a migration to Linux would be easier than switching to Microsoft (Nasdaq: MSFT) Windows.

November 6, 2006: LiMux The Penguin: Deep into Munich's Linux F/OSS migration

Munich has made a mark for itself by embracing Linux and open source development for up to 80% of the city's 16,000 desktops. The remaining user desktops will use Microsoft Windows XP for apps that have no open source equivalent, including AutoCad). Mac OS currently has no future in the city's IT plans.

January 30, 2007: Peugeot Citroën revs up 20,000 Suse Linux desktops

European car manufacturing giant PSA Peugeot Citroën has agreed to one of the Continent's largest-ever deployments of open-source Linux software on desktop computers.

As part of a multiyear contract with Novell, the French company will install Suse Linux Enterprise Desktop on up to 20,000 computers in addition to 2,500 servers, the U.S. software vendor said Tuesday.

October 3, 2008: Gameloft Moves 1,000 Desktops to Ubuntu Linux

Businesses are catching on to Ubuntu, Canonical's Linux distribution. The latest example: Gameloft, a major mobile games developer, has moved more than 1,000 desktops to Ubuntu, according to a source who reached out to The VAR Guy. But Gameloft isn't alone. The VAR Guy's research is tracking hundreds of companies moving to Ubuntu. Here's the scoop.

October 28, 2008: Germany: 'Cost of Open Source desktop maintenance is by far the lowest'

Open Source desktops are far cheaper to maintain than proprietary desktop configurations, says Rolf Schuster, a diplomat at the German Embassy in Madrid and the former head of IT at the Foreign Ministry.

The Foreign Ministry is migrating all of its 11.000 desktops to GNU/Linux and other Open source applications. According to Schuster, this has drastically reduced maintenance costs in comparison with other ministries. "The Foreign Ministry is running desktops in many far away and some very difficult locations. Yet we spend only one thousand euro per desktop per year. That is far lower than other ministries, that on average spend more than 3000 euro per desktop per year."

March 16, 2009: Skolelinux for Germany's Rhineland-Palatinate Schools

From now on, the schools in Germany's Rhineland-Palatinate federal state will be running Skolelinux on their computers, based on a decision made a year ago. The project is now announcing its next phase.

After the first phase, ending in March, in which schools integrate their existing networks with Skolelinux and manage them with Skolelinux servers, schools then have until April 3, 2009 to apply to get the Linux variant installed on their hardware.

September 1, 2009: Linux powers world's fastest stock exchange

Day trading is so passe. Today's sharp traders make their cash by trading milliseconds ahead of the other guy. To do that you need really fast stock exchanges, which is where Linux comes in.

The London Stock Exchange (LSE) is leaving Windows behind. The exchange hasn't announced yet what it will be moving to. If I might suggest that if Linux is good enough for the Deutsche Borse, the NYSE, and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, it's good enough for the LSE.

October 4, 2009: Schools start to move to OpenOffice

1-Danmark: The administration of the Danish municipality of Lyngby-Taarbæk is installing OpenOffice on some 1700 school desktop PCs, the administration announced yesterday. The first school where OpenOffice will be installed is the Lindegård school. At the school earlier today mayor Rolf Aagaard-Svendsen showed the first desktop running the open source suite of productivity tools. According to a report by the Danish IT news site Version2, the move to open source is intended to prevent students from using unlicensed software.

The Lyngby-Taarbæk municipality needed to purchase six hundred new school PCs to replace outdated computers, explains Jens Kjellerup, head of the administration's IT department. By moving to open source, the municipality saved an amount equal to 25 percent of the amount needed for the new hardware. "Moving to open source paid for about 150 of these computers."

2-Germany: The city of Münster has started a pilot using OpenOffice in schools. The city's IT department, Citeq, will also switch all of the 150 servers used in its primary and secondary schools over to GNU/Linux. Half of these have already been migrated to open source.

The changes in the school's IT systems are part of the overall IT strategy of the city's IT department.

At two schools teachers are trying out OpenOffice at the moment. The suite will be made available to all schools in November. "We plan to make OpenOffice the default office application for schools", says Citeq's spokesperson Stefan Schoenfelder.

The city earlier this month reported that 140 of its 360 servers are now running GNU/Linux. In a press statement published last week Wednesday, Citeq states that using open source is making it easier for the departments to share information.

The administration is also saving considerable costs, writes Citeq. "Open source tools such as Linux are mature, so we consider their use is very economical."

October 6, 2009: Open Source Makes Big Gains at the London Stock Exchange

At first sight, news that the London Stock Exchange (LSE) is moving from the Microsoft .Net-based TradElect to the GNU/Linux-based MillenniumIT system, is just another win for free software.

But the details provide some fascinating insights into the world of very high performance - and very expensive - enterprise systems.

For example, the LSE is not just moving from one application to another, but from running someone else's software to running its own, by buying a company that makes it.

A Norwegian exchange, Oslo Børs, which was supposed to start using TradElect in February 2010 (as a result of a service provider agreement signed by Oslo Børs and LSE in March 2009), will now also migrate to MillenniumIT's offering.

So, rather than being just any old deal that Microsoft happened to lose, this really is something of a total rout, and in an extremely demanding and high-profile sector. Enterprise wins for GNU/Linux don't come much better than this.